Roses as pruned to encourage new growth and flowers and also to remove and dead or diseases wood it can grow fast in warm climates. So do not neglect to prune your roses on a timely schedule.
When to Prune Roses :
Roses are summer flowers and will bloom during this time, you should always prune while the plant is in its dormant stage. Autumn (fall)is the best time for pruning to be done but if you are living in a climate where you can experience frost over the winter months then it may be better to prune during the early spring months after any ice has thawed.
Before you go out to start pruning your pruning your roses you will need to make sure you have all the correct equipment, this will include curved saw, gloves for protection from thorns, sharp pair of secateurs, lopping shears. Always make sure your tools are clean and sharp before you use them to get clean cuts.
Rose Pruning steps :
Before you start pruning, stand back and take a look at the plant as a whole, it will give you an idea of the overall shape of the plant and what needs looking at and what parts need the most attention. Always start your pruning from the bottom of the plant first and work your way up to the top and out. Firstly you should remove all the dead leaves and twigs from the bush, any twig that looks weak, thin or dead should be cut off and discarded.
- Clean All Debris Away From Plants
Clear away grass and leaves, anything that might harbor insects and diseases.
- Remove Dead, Old Dieased Wood
Start by cutting out all dead wood and all canes that are diseased or damaged. Any canes that are old and striated (showing deep furrows) also need to be removed.Open the bush up by removing all branches that cross through the center. Cut out very thin canes, and remove any branches that cross or rub together.
Keep the nice green healthy canes.
- Don’t Keep Green Canes On Old Wood
Here is an example of new canes growing out of an old, striated cane. Remove any cane like this. Keep only new green canes that are growing out of the bud union.
- Make Flush Cuts
When removing an entire cane, make the cut as flush as you can to the bud union. If you leave a stub, it can die back into the bud union allowing entry for disease and pests.
You may need to use a tree saw to get the final flush cut. As the center starts to open up, remove any leaves or debris to keep insects and diseases at a minimum.
- Cut To a Leaf Bud
Make all cuts above a leaf bud that points towards the outside of the plant.
Make all cuts clean. Try not to make any ragged cuts, as this will allow insects and disease into the plant and open it up to infection.Always prune to a healthy bud. Make sure your cut is at a 45 degree angle going away from the bud.
- Cut Just Above The Bud
Always cut just above the bud. You don’t want to cut it too close or too far away. If you cut it too closely, the bud is damaged, if you cut too far away, you can have die back and possible disease.
- Cut Surface Should be White Not Brown
If it is brown, cut back further until the plant tissue is white and healthy.
- Remove Any Suckers
These are long, slender, flexible canes that originate from below the bud union. If you find a sucker pull it down and off the plant. If you just cut it off, any undeveloped growth eyes left at the sucker’s base will just produce more suckers in the future.
- Maintain Shape
It is a good idea to keep the center of the bush free of canes that are growing horizontally. This promotes good air circulation which helps prevent fungal infection. Another reason to avoid having canes crossing each other is that they create a lot of leaves that shade lower branches and discourage blooms on the lower part of the plant. When pruning roses, you want to prevent bushes from growing into large tangled masses with small, inferior blooms.Your goal is to have an opened-centered bush when you are done and your plant has a “Vase Shape.” That vase shape might be very wide or narrow, depending on the plant. Sometimes a perfect Vase Shape cannot be achieved because of what needs to be removed, but keep in mind that the vase shape is what you are after and do the best you can.You should now have only healthy stems, with an open center.
A climbing rose only need to be pruned when it is growing in the wrong direction or when you are trying to contain its overall size and height.
- Pruned Plant Height
- Moderate Prune:
Cut back the stems that are left to one third their length, this is considered a moderate prune. A moderate prune is shown here, and it what is recommended for nearly all established bush and standard roses in regular soil.
- Hard Prune:
You can prune it back even harder so that only 3 or 4 buds are left from the base of the plant, but that is recommended only for newly-planted bush roses, or is sometimes used for established roses grown only for the production of exhibition flowers. Hard pruning can rejuvenate old and neglected roses, but you are better off with moderate pruning.
- Moderate Prune:
- To Finish pruning
You should paint all cuts with a sealing compound because the plant is not actively growing and can’t defend itself as well against diseases and pests. If you want to make sure your plants stay healthy, painting the cuts takes just a few minutes. In the spring when the plants begin to break dormancy, give them some fertilizer to help them get ready to flower.Keeping your roses pruned properly every year will ensure healthy plants, and big, beautiful, fragrant flowers, which is why you have roses to begin with!
Climbing Rose Rambler Rose Red Rose Black Rose White Rose Pink Rose Blue Rose Yellow Rose Tea Rose Orange Rose Purple Rose Sunrise Rose Sunset Rose Fourth of July Rose Red and white Rose